BanglaCapsule | Language Movement Timeline  

Mai-17-1947
Muslim League leaders announce in Hyderabad, India, that Urdu will become state language for the still to be formed Pakistan.
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Sep-15-1947
Tamuddun Majlis (Cultural Society, an organization by scholars, writers and journalists oriented towards Islamic ideology) in a booklet titled 'State Language of Pakistan : Bengali or Urdu?' demands Bengali as one of the state language of Pakistan.
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Sep-15-1947
Abul Kashem, the Secretary of the Tamuddun Majlis and a Professor of Physics in Dhaka University, was the first person to convene a literary meeting to discuss the State Language issue in the Fazlul Huq Muslim Hall of Dhaka University.
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Dez-06-1947
East Pakistani students became agitated and held a meeting on the Dhaka University campus demanding that Bangla be made one of the state languages of Pakistan.
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Dez-08-1947
A large number of Bengali students met on the University of Dhaka campus to formally demand that Bengali be made an official language. To promote their cause, Bengali students organised processions and rallies in Dhaka.
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Mrz-11-1948
Students demonstrating for Bangla as state language is baton-charged and a large number of students are arrested in Dhaka.
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Mrz-11-1948
A general strike was observed in the towns of East Pakistan in protest against the omission of Bangla from the Constituent Assembly, the absence of Bangla letters in Pakistani coins and stamps, and the use of only Urdu in recruitment tests for the navy.
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Mrz-19-1948
Muhammed Ali Jinnah, the governor general of Pakistan, came to visit East Pakistan. He addressed two meetings in Dhaka, in both of which he ignored the popular demand for Bangla. He reiterated that Urdu would be the only state language of Pakistan.
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Mrz-28-1948
Before Jinnah left Dhaka, he delivered a speech on radio reasserting his 'Urdu-only' policy.
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Dez-27-1948
Fazlur Rahman, the Bengali education minister of Pakistan, surprised everyone with his view that Bangla should be written in Arabic script at All-Pakistan conference for teachers.
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Mrz-09-1949
The East Bengal authorities constituted a Language Committee whose basic responsibilities would be a simplification, standardisation and translation of certain technical terms in Bangla language.
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Mrz-11-1950
The Dhaka University Language Action Committee was formed with Abdul Matin as its convener.
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Dez-06-1950
East Bengal Language Committee, presided by Maulana Akram Khan, was formed by the East Bengal government to prepare a report on the language problem. The Committee completed its report.
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Mrz-11-1951
The Dacca (Dhaka) University State Language Movement Committee distributes a memorandum through all East Pakistan newspapers demanding Bangla as a national language along with Urdu.
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Jan-26-1952
The Basic Principles Committee of the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan announces its recommendation that Urdu should be the only state language.
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Jan-26-1952
In a public meting at Paltan Maidan, Dhaka, Prime Minister Nazimuddin declares that Urdu alone will be the state language of Pakistan.
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Jan-27-1952
Khwaja Nazimuddin, the Governor General of Pakistan, during his visit to East Pakistan declared in a convention at Paltan Maidan that only Urdu will be the state language of Pakistan.
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Jan-28-1952
The students of Dhaka University in a protest meeting call the Prime Minister Nazimuddin and the Provincial Ministers as stooges of West Pakistan.
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Feb-03-1952
A broad-based All-Party Committee of Action (APCA) holds a protest meeting in Dhaka against the move to dominate the majority province of East Bengal linguistically and culturally. The provincial chief of Awami League, Maulana Bhashani addresses the meeting. On the suggestion of Abul Hashim it decides to hold a general strike on February 21, 1952 when the East Bengal Assembly is due to meet for its budget session.
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Feb-04-1952
General strike called by students was fully observed by all educational institutions of Dacca (Dhaka) city; demanding Bangla as a national language, students brought out the largest rally to date in the streets of Dhaka.
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Feb-21-1952
The police opened fire on a mass-rally on language movement in front of the Medical College hostel killing five including three students - Mohammad Salauddin, Abdul Jabbar, Abul Barkat, Rafiquddin Ahmed and Abdus Salam.
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Feb-24-1952
The Pakistan government gives full authority to the police and military to bring the situation in Dhaka back to normal within 48 hours. During these 48 hours the police arrested many students and political leaders associated with the language movement.
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Feb-25-1952
It was declared that Dacca (Dhaka) University will be closed sin die due to student uproar in conjunction with the language movement.
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Apr-27-1952
Shorbodolio Kendrio Rashtrobhasha Kormi Porishod, or All-Party Central Language Action Committee, held a seminar at the Bar Association Hall. At the meeting delegates urged the government to release prisoners, relax restrictions on civil liberties and adopt Bangla as an official language.
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Mai-07-1954
The Pakistan government recognizes Bangla as a state language.
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Dez-05-1955
Bangla Academy founded as the immediate result of the 1952 Language Movement.
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Feb-16-1956
It was proposed in the Pakistan National Assembly to give recognition to Bangla as a state language and inclusion of it in the constitution.
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Mrz-03-1956
The constitutional amendment making Bangla a state language along with Urdu goes in effect.
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Nov-17-1999
The decision to observe 21st February as the International Mother Language Day was unanimously taken at the 30th General Conference of the UNESCO.
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